Most countries require the diãstance between farms to be several kilometers apart, while Vietnam is tending to form concentrated clusters.
As the farm is located in the chain link export chicken meat to Japan, Nguyen Van Ngoc, turkey farmer in Vinh Cuu District, Dong Nai Province, has opened a new farm to meet the needs of a growing market this. But despite new farm investment is large-scale, modern farming technology, but the Japanese partners to take place after the check was processed shook his head.
Problem because the farm too close together
Representative Japanese partner said: Mr Ngoc’s farm meet all standards and modern production processes but also close to a duck farm size of only a few thousand. Distance two farm too close will cause the risk of disease spread from farms in other very high. Including chicken farms reared according to international standards GlobalG.AP still unable to prevent and combat the disease from duck farms. In addition, the source of diseases from farm waste duck environment will affect chicken, not guaranteed to be exported to Japan.
This situation is prevalent in many localities where industrial scale farms are located close to each other, close to smallholder farmers. This makes it difficult for livestock to meet the standards of importing countries.
The cultivation farms also fall into the same situation. Dr Vo Mai, vice president of gardening Vietnam, said many farms vegetables reflects the plant protection chemicals containing banned chemicals used are sprayed in the farm next to distribute to adhesion, on their agricultural products.
“Many vegetable and fruit farms are using VietGAP agricultural chemicals, GlobalG.A.P for vegetables and fruits for export to the hard market. But the neighboring flower growers used strong pesticides that had a negative effect on their products (due to the fact that agricultural chemicals used in flower plants were loosened more than vegetables and fruits) . Not only that, some insect-resistant agricultural insect species from the flower farm have penetrated into the vegetable garden. The fruits of the farm are not up to standard, “said Vo Mai.
International standards should be applied
Mr. Nguyen Van Ngoc, Vice Chairman of the Association of Poultry in the South East, assessing the level of animal husbandry, processing technology, slaughter our country to catch up with countries with modern livestock industry in the world. But there is only one reason that hinders Vietnam from exporting poultry meat, which is not guaranteed disease control.
Equipment and tools used to slaughter, collect livestock and poultry of slaughter plants are now sources of disease spread. Some products used in the process of collecting poultry before slaughter such as plastic cage, car body … are not regulated to ensure hygiene, disinfection clean after use. Therefore, in the regulations on slaughter, it is necessary to add chicken cage hygiene area, dip it through 80 degrees C water … to sterilize and ensure the disease safety for the farm.
According to Mr Ngoc, our country’s livestock farms are developing in the wrong direction when forming clusters, concentrated breeding sites, located close together. Because of that, the risk of disease epidemic is very high and it is easy for importers to say that they do not meet the disease-free area.
In European countries, the distance between farms must be 3 km or more. Therefore, Mr Ngoc said that the planning of the breeding area, bringing the farm to focus on a place as we are doing is not suitable, completely opposite the trend of the world. Large countries choose suitable land for natural conditions and favorable environmental treatment to set up livestock farms, rather than planning one-stop animal husbandry.
“Vietnam’s agricultural products are export oriented so it is necessary to apply international standards of import markets. Thai Lan livestock products are exported everywhere because of their distance, the farm is about 1-3 km away from the farm. When the farm was sick, it did not affect the farm nearby. Therefore, the country is less likely to be infected with poultry and cattle, to meet market requirements” Mr Ngoc said.